Alkawthar TV is a Tehran based TV channel that appeared on the air in 2006. All of its programmes are in Arabic and run each day over a period of twenty hours. The channel belongs to the distribution network of the Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting. Alkawthar TV is particularly specialized in the broadcasting of religious and cultural programmes. Its target audience is the Arab community living in the Middle East and North Africa. The major themes discussed during its programmes aim toward promoting Shia Islam. Therefore, it mainly affects viewers from Iraq, Iran and Shia Muslims in Syria. Watch Alkawthar TV, a live TV station on the Hot Bird satellite for all the latest news and information of the Arab community. The chain ensures promoting Islam through programmes available online. They deal mainly with research and dialogue in various religious, intellectual, social and humanitarian areas. Programmes include morning prayers and Koran recitation among others, as well as a summary of the news and important events in the world. The aim is to raise awareness among viewers about the strengths of the Islamic nation and to call for unity and solidarity among Muslims to serve as one body in accordance with the text of the Koran. During the month of Ramadan, the channel hosts a number of programmes dedicated to the virtues of Ramadan. Indeed, the name of the TV channel directly refers to the name of the sacred river Al-Kawthar which literally means the river of paradise. Viewers of the Arab community can watch the programmes via Hot Bird.